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1. Who are the vulnerable road users considered to be within the scope of this project?
2. How were countermeasures specific to vulnerable road users around heavy vehicles identified for this project?
An approved environmental scan was conducted to compile a list of documents related to the safety of pedestrians and cyclists when they interact with heavy vehicles. The literature was then evaluated by an Advisory Panel to provide a selection of assessed potential countermeasures noting any supporting evidence or barriers.
3. Is this a serious issue in Canada?
In vulnerable road user collisions with heavy vehicles,
42 vulnerable road user fatalities (33 pedestrians and 9 cyclists) represented
approximately 11% of all truck involved fatalities in 2015. In 2004, the percentage of vulnerable road
user fatalities amongst all fatalities where a heavy truck was involved was 11%;
this rose to 15% in 2009 before lowering to 14% on average for the years of
2010 to 2013. The relative share of
vulnerable road user fatalities involving heavy vehicle collisions is up but in
a less consistent year over year pattern.
4. Why were only interactions between vulnerable road users and heavy vehicles examined?
Heavy vehicles pose a unique traffic risk for
vulnerable road users that is different from the risk passenger vehicles pose for
a variety of reasons. Their size,
weight, blind spots and the physical space required when turning make them
formidable. Additionally, the mass of these
vehicles reduces the likelihood of a vulnerable road user surviving when a
collision occurs. Cycling and pedestrian
traffic is on the rise resulting in an increase in collision rates involving
vulnerable road users and heavy vehicles.
5. How were experts consulted during the project?
The safety challenges regarding vulnerable road users
sharing the road with heavy vehicles is very broad and touches on the
authorities and expertise of different levels of government and
stakeholders. Therefore, a cooperative
approach was needed and was achieved by setting up and consulting with members
of a Steering Committee and Advisory Panel compiled of individuals from a
variety of backgrounds, knowledge and expertise bringing a broad perspective. Specifically, the Steering Committee includes
representatives from Transport Canada, provincial/territorial governments, the Transportation Association of Canada (TAC)
and the Federation of Canadian
Municipalities (FCM). In addition,
the Canadian Council of Motor Transport
Administrators (CCMTA) agreed to assist.
The Advisory Panel includes pedestrian and cycling advocacy groups,
provincial governments, trucking associations, safety advocacy groups, engineering
and safety marketing.
6. Were other experts consulted and if yes, how was this achieved?
Four regionally based, facilitated meetings in
Halifax, Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver were organized. Local trucking, cycling, pedestrian, safety,
law enforcement and medical stakeholders were given the opportunity to provide input
and comment on selected countermeasures.
These professionally facilitated sessions allowed participants to
respond to questions designed to keep discussions focused and targeted with a
goal of improving the report.
7. Will the project be recommending countermeasures for implementation?
Making recommendations is not within the mandate of
this project. A comprehensive list of
potential countermeasures has been created to provide an understanding of the